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Extra Time & Penalties


Extra Time                                 

To decide a winner, if a match is drawn at the end of full time, 15 minutes each way is to be played (no golden goal anymore).Some competitions stipulate that if a match is still drawn after Extra Time has been played, the result will be decided by the taking of kicks from the penalty mark.


Kicks from the Penalty Mark

  • The referee chooses the goal at which the kicks will be taken
  • The referee tosses a coin and the team whose captain wins the toss decides whether to take the first or the second kick.

To give the team who wins the toss a fair choice and not to insist that they take the first kick, which can be perceived as an advantage to the team which loses the toss.

  • The referee keeps a record of the kicks being taken

This task can be delegated to the Assistant Referee.

 The kicks are taken alternately by the teams  

  • If, before both teams have taken five kicks, one has scored more goals than the other could score, even if it were to complete its five kicks, no more kicks are taken

If, after both teams have taken five kicks, both have scored the same number of goals, or have not scored any goals, kicks continue to be taken in the same order until one team has scored a goal more than the other from the same number of kicks

This is commonly know in Referees' jargon as 'sudden death' penalties. 

  • A goalkeeper who is injured while kicks are being taken from the penalty mark and is unable to continue as goalkeeper may be replaced by a named substitute provided his team has not used the maximum number of substitutes permitted under the competition rules 
  • With the exception of the foregoing case, only players who are on the field of play at the end of the match, which includes extra time where appropriate, are allowed to take kicks from the penalty mark 
  • Each kick is taken by a different player and all eligible players must take a kick before any player can take a second kick

Most teams will have already decided beforehand, who their first five players will be. The Referee's only duty is to ensure that the penalty kicks are taken correctly. It is not the Referee's duty to note down a team's agreed listing of the first five - neither should the Referee involve himself with any change to the order of kickers selected by a team. The Referee (or Assistant Referee) should note the name or number of the kicker before each penalty kick is taken. This is to ensure that the same kicker does not have a second kick until all the correct number of penalty kicks (per team) have been taken during the first series of kicks. If a result is not achieved after the taking of five penalty kicks by each team, other players from each team will take a penalty kick each, until a result is obtained. If each team has taken 11 kicks and no result has been achieved, players from each team will take a second penalty kick each, until a result is achieved. The Referee must ensure that no player takes a second kick before all the players in his team have taken at least one kick each. The team-order of the players taking a second series of kicks, does not have to match the team-order of the players who took the first series of penalty kicks - so long as each player does not take two penalty kicks in each series. It is not necessary that they follow the same order in taking their second kick as they had for the first series of kicks. The Assistant Referee normally orchestrates and controls the players waiting within the centre circle. The taking of kicks from the penalty mark, does not form part of the match - it is only a method of deciding a winner. Nevertheless, normal discipline rules still count - for example, players can be cautioned or sent-off during the taking of kicks from the penalty mark.

Normal penalty kick Law 14 rules apply:  For example: if during the run up to kick the ball, the player taking the penalty purposefully stops his run, and cheats the goalkeeper into diving the wrong way. If a goal is scored, the penalty should be retaken, if a goal is not scored, the penalty should not be retaken.

  • An eligible player may change places with the goalkeeper at any time when kicks from the penalty mark are being taken  
  • Only the eligible players and match officials (Referee and Assistant Referees) are permitted to remain on the field of play when kicks from the penalty mark are being taken  
  • All players, except the player taking the kick and the two goalkeepers, must remain within the centre circle as shown below. All officials must remain off the field of play.


  • The goalkeeper who is the team mate of the kicker must remain on the field of play, outside the penalty area in which the kicks are being taken, on the goal line where it meets the penalty area boundary line
  • When a team finishes the match with a greater number of players than their opponents, they shall reduce their numbers to equate with that of their opponents and inform the Referee of the name and number of each player excluded. The team captain has this responsibility. Before the start of kicks from the penalty mark, the Referee shall ensure that only an equal number of players from each team remain within the centre circle and they shall take the kicks.